Tag Archives: medical prophylaxis

Cranberry for prevention and treatment of UTI- placebo or better?

Cranberry juice or cranberry capsules are often recommended for both prophylaxis and treatment of UTIs. As cranberry is associated with only mild side effects and is easy available it seems like it would be a good option, but what evidence is there that shows that it is effective?

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for leech therapy

Leeches have been used throughout history for a variety of different medical indications. Over exploitation of medical leech species throughout the 19th century lead to the species becoming threatened. Today medical leeches are breed in special populations. Medicinal leech therapy is increasing in popularity to assist in wound healing where venous congestion is a problem. Leeches […]

Managing patients with asplenia and hyposplenia

People who have had a splenectomy or have poorly functioning spleens are at higher risk of infection. These patients require education about early identification of infections and may require additional immunisations or prophylactic antibiotics. Spleen Australia is an organisation in Melbourne that provides resources to both patients and health professionals for dealing with absent or poorly functioning […]

Choosing Wisely: Antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis

For many years, antibiotic prophylaxis was routinely administered before dental and other procedures to patients with cardiac conditions that carry a high lifetime risk of infective endocarditis. However due to the infrequent occurrence of endocarditis, prophylaxis prevents very few cases. Infective endocarditis is more likely to result from bacteraemia associated with daily activities (e.g. tooth […]

Why is incidence of infective endocarditis in England increasing? Lancet

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2814%2962007-9/fulltext